How did people learn about Christ before the New Testament was written? The role of the Old Testament was to point people to Jesus. John 5:39 “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of ME [Jesus].” When Jesus walked with two disciples following his resurrection, He used the Old Testament to firm up their faith. Luke 24:27 “And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.” Below is a chart with suggested ways that each Old Testament book pointed to Jesus.
|Creator by whom all things are made, Maker of Covenants with the patriarchs
|Rock in the wilderness and the Serpent on the pole
|Great high priest the perfect sacrifice
|Lord of Hosts
|The fulfiller of the law
|Joshua is Hebrew for Jesus, Captain of the Host, the scarlet thread in the window
|The righteous judge
|The near kin who redeems
|Samuel & Chronicles
|King of Kings
|Ezra & Nehemiah
|Liberator from bondage
|Salvation from condemnation
|The theme of every anthem
|Wisdom crying aloud
|Purpose of Life “…in the days of Solomon’s well-doing,
|Song of Solomon
|He was “the altogether lovely” One.
|Child-King with a shoulder strong enough to bear the government and the name Emanuel, gathering within itself all the excellencies.
|“Branch of Righteousness, executes justice & righteousness in the land.”
|The expected satisfaction of all sorrow.
|“Plant of renown,” giving shade and giving fragrance.
|The stone cut without hands, smiting the image, becoming a mountain, and filling the whole earth.
|The ideal of Israel, “growing as the lily,” “casting out His roots as Lebanon.”
|The Hope of the people, and the Strength of the children of Israel
|The Usherer in of his vision, of the “Plowman overtaking the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed”
|The “Deliverance upon Mount Zion and holiness“
|The Fulfillment of that of which he was but a sign.
|He is the “turning again” to God
|He is the One seen upon the mountains publishing peace.
|He is the Anointed One of Whom was sung as “going forth for salvation.”
|He is the One Who brought to the people the pure language
|The true Zerubbabel, forever rebuilding the house of God
|Himself the dawn of the day when “Holiness-shall be upon the bells of the horses,”
|He the “Refiner,” sitting over the fire, “the Sun of Righteousness”